The City Museum of Ljubljana is situated in Auersperg Palace, which in itself is an architectural monument, and holds Ljubljana’s cultural heritage of several millennia.
In the Roman period, this was where port suburbs of the Roman Emona stretched, as evidenced by the Roman road preserved in the Museum’s basement.
The Palace was rebuilt in 1654 by the Counts of Auersperg, who were one of the most prominent noble houses of Carniola, from their own house and two additional houses in just four years. The three tracts encompassed a newly arranged courtyard in the centre of which a stone fountain and a linden tree were situated.
The Palace was soon subject to the first Baroque alterations, and in 1824 master builder Francesco Cocconi provided its front with a late Baroque façade, emphasising it by means of a Classicist portal. Auersperg Palace was badly affected by the 1895 earthquake. In 1927, the Palace was sold to the state. In mid-1935, the Palace was bought by the Municipality of Ljubljana and allocated to the City Museum for the purpose of “collecting all objects relating to the history of Ljubljana, i.e. with regard to both Ljubljana’s role in spiritual and national terms and to the development of present-day Ljubljana”. The refurbishment of interior spaces was undertaken in April 1937. That same year saw the opening of the first museum collection which provided an insight into the middle-class residential culture from the late Middle Ages to the first half of the 19th century. After World War Two, Auersperg Palace was also home to the Slovanska knjižnica library, the Municipal Archives of Ljubljana, the Education and Culture Board of the Municipal People’s Administration, the cloakrooms of the Ljubljana City Theatre, and several private residents.